Agra is a beautiful city of historical and fascinating attractions in India. Agra is having one of the wonders of the world. Taj Mahal is a world-class monument out of thousands of historical monuments. This beautiful city is situated on the banks of the river Yamuna. It also remained as the capital city even during the reign of Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, and Aurangzeb. Agra is the garden of marbles and sandstone’s which expresses love, romance, and loyalty. The entire region is filled with exceptional architectural beauty. | Top 5 Historical Places in and around Agra |
Top 5 Historical Places in and around Agra
Taj Mahal also is known as the crow of Palace was built in the 17th century by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. This beautiful epitome of love and romance was dedicated to his beautiful wife Mumtaz Mahal also known as Arjumand Bano Begum. The very sight of the Taj is a feast not only to the eyes but senses as well. It is also considered as the seven wonders of the world. The world heritage site Taj Mahal includes the cemetery, museum, guest house, fortified walls, and formal gardens. It receives around 7-8 million tourists every year.
The Agra Fort is also known as ‘Lal Qila’ is the highlight of the city of Agra. Agra Fort was the house of the Mughal Empire until the capital was shifted to Delhi. The Agra Fort has a rich history which included the world famous ‘Koh-i-Noor’ diamond and is also known for Shah Jahan being imprisoned here by his son Aurangzeb. Akbar extensively rebuilt the fort using Redstone in 1558 and the process took eight years and finally was completed in 1573. Another attraction in the evening is the sound and light show that recreates the fort’s history.
Akbar’s Tomb is a mausoleum of the 3rd Mughal Emperor. It is situated at a distance of approx. 10 km from Agra cantonment railway station. And it is located at Sikandra in the suburbs of Agra on the Mathura road. The tomb of Akbar is a four-tiered pyramid-like structure that encloses the false tomb. The stunning architecture and strong lines make the Agra Fort a photographer’s dream location, particularly during the late afternoon hours. The Tomb of Akbar can be entered through an elegant southern gateway similar to Buland Darwaza in Fatehpur Sikri.
Jama Masjid was built by Shah Jahan in 1648 is dedicated to his favorite daughter Jahanara Begum. It is considered one of the most important mosques in the country. Jama Masjid uses both red sandstone and white marble to create magnificent evidence of Mughal Architecture. The main entrance of the mosque is located on the eastern side which leads to the prayer chambers. The central courtyard has a fountain with four small minaret-shaped kiosks around its corners. The giant structure required 5000 workers and took nearly about 6 years to complete.
Fathepur Sikri is a small town located in Uttar Pradesh and it was built as capital in the 16th century by Akbar. The carvings, the open courtyards and general aura of this ancient walled city of Fathepur Sikri will leave you breathless. The magnificent buildings in Fathepur Sikri can be divided into two categories the religious and the secular. The city was built with Hindu and Muslim styled architecture and the city could be accessed via nine gates in the fort wall.